Specialist Research

Specialist Research

A unique combination of scientific knowledge and expertise, technical skills and facilities allow teams of scientists and engineers to offer unparalleled capability to address materials, process and production challenges.

Asset Integrity – Providing early warning of potential production interruptions, understanding material limitations and root cause investigations into plant performance.

The Institute offers identification of failure mechanisms, advice on material selection and development of new materials to implement robust and lasting improvements to plant and processes.

Process Optimisation – Providing early warning of potential production interruptions, understanding of material limitations and root cause investigations into plant operation.

The Institute offers identification of failure mechanisms, advice on materials selection, and design and development of new materials.

Asset Integrity

Asset Integrity

Plant and Process - Metallurgy and Engineering

A comprehensive range of metallurgical and engineering services and capabilities, which include a state of the art scanning electron microscope (SEM), supports the understanding of the fundamental effect of composition on the behaviour of materials through nanoscale chemical and physical imaging, which are used for:

  • Failure Analysis
  • Corrosion / Erosion Studies
  • Analysis of Surface Effects such as Delamination and Peeling

Additionally, in-situ engineering measurements, carried out at customer sites, including:

  • Stress / Strain
  • Creep
  • Vibration and Movement

Investigations into plant issues are backed up by provision of well researched, practical and cost-effective solutions. Advice is offered on stretching the capability of installed assets in terms of productivity and capability.

Design, Manufacture and Characterisation of Metal Alloys

Whether it is advice on selection and properties of existing materials, or design and development of a new material; through experience, knowledge and research, the Institute provides solutions to metallurgical challenges.

Optical microscopy and etching techniques are used to study crystal growth patterns, precipitates, microstructure and structural and material defects of cast products, and SEM is used for elemental mapping.

The Institute also has smelting units which range in size from 20kg to 7000kg. These are used both in the manufacture of speciality alloys and for materials research and development.

Process Automation and Instrumentation

Process Automation and Instrumentation

Sensors and Controls

The Institute provides process control where human intervention is not possible with consultancy, design, installation and commissioning service for:

  • Monitoring
  • Measurement
  • Control
  • Validation
  • Verification

of both batch and continuous processes. This may involve:

  • Equipment Monitoring
  • Product Measurement Systems
  • Measurement Systems for Harsh Environments
  • Process Monitoring Thermography
  • Process Monitoring Audiometry

Process Optimisation

Process Optimisation

Physical Modelling

The Institute carries out research to mirror plant processes to support mathematical modelling and to gain insight and understanding of production plant issues.

Fluid and Particle Flow Modelling with Laser Imaging

Simulation and design expertise allows the Institute to support clients with understanding, solutions and new ideas on control of processes. New process designs are investigated and optimisation carried out for existing processes.

For processes involving any fluid matter, from molten metal or glass, to solvents and particles, physical process modelling is available at laboratory bench scale through to pilot scale. A purpose built experimental fluid dynamics facility uses media such as water, air and smoke, for non-isothermal modelling, with a wide variety of measurement technique including laser based Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV).

Physical modelling is particularly beneficial where the process physics are too complex for computational or engineering models and has applications in:

  • Fluid Separation Optimisation
  • Fume Hood Performance Checks
  • Burner Design
  • Reactor Problems
  • Heat Exchanger Optimisation
  • Mixer Properties

Offline Simulation Techniques

Finite Element Analysis (FEA)

FEA involves computerised models for predicting how a product or material reacts to forces, vibration, heat, fluid flow, and other physical effects.

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

CFD provides a qualitative prediction of fluid flows by means of mathematical modelling and numerical methods, enabling scientists and engineers to perform numerical experiments in ‘virtual flow laboratories’.

Discrete Event Simulation (DES)

DES is particularly beneficial where machine and materials interactions are involved. DES is used to depict the behaviour of a complex system as a series of well-defined and ordered events enabling analysis of the systems behaviour over time.

Thermodynamics

The Institute has a range of furnaces primarily for the empirical determination of thermodynamic and kinetic constants and for the study of high temperature reactions.

Raw Materials, By-products and Products

Raw Materials, By-products and Products

Materials and Minerals

For the characterisation of materials and minerals, the Institute has materials testing laboratories with extensive analytical instrumentation, complemented by preparatory equipment. Process and production experience enables not only the determination of chemical and physical properties, but also advice on suitability or alternatives. Failure analysis and specification compliance / quality assurance checks can also be performed.

With extensive knowledge in glass, ceramics, refractories and carbonaceous materials, the Institute can test and develop ore composites and agglomerates to determine product characteristics such as strength, degradation, reducibility, porosity and morphology.

Expert knowledge can be provided on the determination of:

  • Pre-treatment of raw materials to improve physical or chemical properties
  • Use of specified materials
  • Processing of residual materials
  • Optimisation of material blends

Characterisation of organic liquid samples such as bio-oils, petroleum and polyaromatic hydrocarbons is carried out, as well as impurity analysis.

For carbonaceous materials, proximate and ultimate analysis, automated reflectance, coke characterisation and petrography are performed.

The Institute also has extensive materials and engineering knowledge to provide design, commissioning and consultancy services for materials handling equipment, for:

  • Chemical / mineral/ waste feed systems
  • Recycling separation facilities
  • Raw materials sorting / transporting

Thermal Technologies Services

Supporting energy, waste and production, the Institute offers expertise in gasification, pyrolysis and torrefaction, with facilities for investigating the effect of material composition and morphology on physical properties and process parameters.

Facilities and capabilities include:

  • A fully instrumented 350kg capacity moving wall batch pyrolysis unit, which enables monitoring of:
    • Development of charge temperature during heating
    • Internal gas pressure
    • Wall pressure generation and charge shrinkage
    • Off-gas analysis
  • High temperature materials laboratories equipped for characterisation of materials properties from ambient temperature to 1700°C with:
    • High temperature viscometer
    • Simultaneous thermal analysis of phase transformation, reaction and enthalpy data
    • Wettability
    • Hot stage microscopy with controlled atmosphere for softening, surface tension and melting point studies
  • Expertise in design of slag chemistries to optimise conditions relative to:
    • Slag viscosity and basicity
    • Interaction with refractory lining
    • Chemistry of feedstock
    • Generation of particulates
  • Investigations into new and alternative raw materials, as well as supporting development techniques
    • A range of high temperature furnaces and materials handling equipment, for both routine quality control checks and development of new tests and techniques
    • Testing agglomeration and sintering