The Materials Processing Institute was founded as the British Iron & Steel Research Association in 1944, as the central research organisation for the iron and steel industry in the UK. Although there have been several changes in name and ownership structure the Institute has remained committed to the delivery of world class research into industrial processes and crucially, applying this knowledge successfully in the industrial environment.

Many advanced processes which are now standard across industry were first developed at the Institute. This tradition continues with the development and commercialisation of ground-breaking new technologies in materials, processing and energy.