Online Course - Secondary Steelmaking

On demand and instant access to the full course consisting of three modules.

To maximise learning it is recommended that each module is completed in sequence.

Course Modules

The course consists of three modules which should be taken in sequence in order to complete the full course.

Module 1 – An Introduction to Secondary Steelmaking

The module aims to show:

  • The role of secondary steelmaking
  • How secondary steelmaking fits into the process route
  • Secondary steelmaking units
    • The ladle furnace
    • CAS-OB
    • Vacuum degassers
  • The secondary steelmaking requirements from the primary furnace
  • The role of secondary steelmaking slags

Module 2 – Secondary Steelmaking Processes

The module aims to show:

  • Processes used in secondary steelmaking including
  • Heating
  • Stirring and homogenisation
    • Composition control and alloy selection
  • Use of these processes in ladle furnace and vacuum degassing operations

Module 3 – Secondary Steelmaking Refining Reactions

The module aims to examine:

  • Refining reactions during secondary steelmaking including
    • Deoxidation reactions using aluminium, silicon and manganese, and carbon.
    • Desulphurisation
    • The use of vacuum degassing for the removal of unwanted gases

What the course covers

This is a three-module series exploring

  • The requirements of secondary steelmaking for the production of steel
  • Secondary steelmaking processes
  • The steelmaking chemistry for the refining reactions in secondary steelmaking

Learning Outcomes

  • To understand the role and importance of secondary steelmaking in the production of steel
  • To understand the major processes in secondary steelmaking
  • To understand the refining reactions for deoxidation, desulphurisation and degassing during secondary steelmaking

Who should access the course?

Practitioners in the steel industry, such as scientists, researchers, technologists, technology managers and operations and operational management. Those who are, or who aspire to be senior leaders within the steel industry or academia.

Course Duration

3 x 40 minute modules

Course Presenter

Ken Broome

Ken Broome B.Sc.(Hons), M.Sc. Metallurgy
Steelmaking Consultant

Ken has over 40 years' experience in the steel industry, in operations, technical and project management at senior management levels in the melting and casting of carbon, alloy and stainless steels.

He has expertise in electric arc furnace steelmaking, secondary steelmaking, ingot and continuous casting.

His achievements include:

  • Successful implementation of major capital schemes, including furnace, ladle furnace, vacuum degassing and caster enhancements
  • Awarded the Sidney Gilchrist Thomas medal by the IOM3 in 2008 for contribution to the technical development and production of special and engineering steels
  • President of the Electric Steel Makers’ Guild 2000 and Technical Secretary for over ten years, responsible for the preparation and implementation of technical programmes
  • Developed and delivered successful ongoing training modules for steelmaking and casting, used in operator and management training

Enrolment options for this course

Enrol for the full course, or go through the modules separately (to maximise learning it is recommended that each module is completed in sequence).